Autonomous underwater vehicle. A robot vehicle which travels underwater.
Unmanned aerial vehicle. An aircraft controlled without a pilot. These aircraft are predominantly used by the military and differ from missiles as they are designed to be reusable. Early UAVs used remote control and preplanned flight paths; more recently research has been conducted in autonomous versions.
A robot which closely resembles a human being.
A robot which has one or more human characteristics such as arms, legs or a head.
nanorobots, nanoids, nanites. A near microscopic size robot measured in nanometres (10-9 meters). Nanobots are currently only theoretical.
A self controlled machine usually equipped with appendages for moving and interacting with its environment.
The study and development of robot technology, closely related to electronics, mechanics and computer science.
Used to move robot appendages and spin wheels, they come in the form of electric motors and hydraulic or pneumatic pumps.
Allows a robot to pick up objects.
A sensor converts environmental conditions into a usable form (usually as a electrical signal).
An end effector is the attachment on the end of a robot arm. Example include robot grippers, welding torches and paint sprayers.
Controlling a robot remotely using a visual display and remote control. Telepresence has been used by surgeons to perform operations in different countries.
AI. The research and application of intelligent machines that aims to imitate the intelligence of humans and other animals.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. A private university in the United States prominent in the field of robotic research.
A combination of organic material and electrical equipment. The term ‘Bionic man’ refers to a human with body parts replaced with electronics.
Simultaneous localisation and mapping.
Light-emitting diode. A small light bulb that uses low-power and produces relatively low heat compared to other light bulbs.
A coil of wire wrapped around a metal core through which an electrical current is passed, producing a magnetic field. Solenoids are often used as relay switches in high current applications such as car starter motors.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration.. America’s space agency.
A wheeled robot used for exploration.
A high-level programming language optimised for numerical operations.
A high-level programming language popular in artificial intelligence research.
Central Processing Unit.
Pulse Width Modulation.
Multitasking Real-Time Operating Systemsread more.
BEAM robotics refers to the development of simple biologically inspired robots. The word ‘BEAM’ is an acronym forBiology, Electronics, Aesthetics, and Mechanics. BEAM robots generally use anologue circuits (instead of digital), replacing complex microprocessors with simple voltage comparators, which are used to interpet sensor readings and decide on the robots actions.
Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor.
Charge Coupled Device.
Disk Operating System.
Random Access Memory.
Restriction of Hazardous Substances.
Field Programmable Gate Array.
Conducts and dissipates excess heat.
International Organisation for Standardisation.
Analogue-to-Digital Converter also A/D or A to D.
Measures electronic values, such as resistance, current and voltage.
Original Equipment Manufacturer.
Printed Circuit Board.
Universal Serial Bus.
DOF (Degree of freedom)
Degrees of Freedom.
Name given to the study of mechanic and electronic engineering.
Artificial Neural Network
This is a type of computer program which aims to model the human brain to solve complex problems. Also known as an ANN.
Type of computer program that uses past results to improve how the program performs.